Lower limb amputations vary depending on the individual situation. They can range from partial removal of a toe all the way up to removing part of the pelvis. Below is a list describing typical forms of lower limb amputations:
- Partial Foot Amputation – The removal of one or more toes. This amputation will affect walking and balance.
- Ankle Disarticulation (Symes Amputation) – an amputation of the foot at the ankle. The foot is removed but the heel pad is saved so a person still able to move around without the need for a prosthesis for certain activities. A prosthesis is recommended for daily ambulation.
- Below Knee Amputation (Transtibial Amputation) – an amputation of the leg below the knee that preserves the use of the knee joint. The abbreviation for Below Knee is BK.
- Knee Disarticulation Amputation – the removal of the lower leg at the knee joint. The remaining stump is still able to bear weight as the whole femur is retained.
- Above Knee Amputation (Transfemoral Amputation) – an amputation of the leg above the knee joint. The abbreviation for Above Knee is AK.
- Hip Disarticulation Amputation – the removal of the entire limb up to and including the femur. This variation leaves the upper femur and hip joint for better shape and profile when sitting.
- Hemipelvectomy Amputation (Trans-pelvic Amputation) – the removal of the entire limb and the partial removal of the pelvis.